Pakistan is a poor country with huge energy shortages which aren’t being addressed even by its main sources such as gas and oil. The majority of the country’s electricity comes from burning fossil fuels. Pakistan is losing 7 percent of gross domestic product (approximately 13 million dollars) in 2015 because of frequent interruptions in power and load-shedding.
These solar energy plants are intended to provide power to the peak demands in the daytime. With the advancement of technology, costs will decrease, and eventually, solar power will be able to achieve the power of thermal fuels. However, until then it is one of the most expensive options for energy.
Solar power plants are the most efficient time to build. Compare this to large hydroelectric projects that can be completed in 10 years. Thermal projects last between 2 and 4 years.
Pakistan has the potential to have the highest solar power capacity in 2050, as it has the capacity of producing 4.8 percent of electricity. The Atmosphere/Energy Program at Stanford University and the University of California have brought an elaborate plan of action to conclude that a sustainable energy-powered world is an option in 2050.
As Energy Inspectors start working with top solar companies in Pakistan to groom them.
The study reveals that Pakistan is capable of generating 92 % of its energy needs through solar energy at one of the tops in the world. It is estimated that 58.1 percent of this electricity is produced by solar power plants. 15% through Concentrated Solar Plants (CSP).
The research conducted by researchers from the MIT research team indicates that the technology currently used in solar can get us there, provided it is properly implemented. Pakistan could generate as high as 2.9 million megawatts of electricity from solar energy, 340,000 megawatts from wind, and 100,000 megawatts of hydropower if money were available to construct the infrastructure, as per the Pakistani Alternative Energy Development Board (AEDB) and World Bank studies.
Pakistan is a nation that could really benefit from solar energy since it is believed to have the most solar-powered insolations on Earth.
The results of studies have shown that the country is exposed to up 200 to 200 W/m2 of solar radiation across the majority of the country. But not for the northernmost regions and coastal areas. Average day lengths are 12-14 hours during summer and 8-10 hours during winter.
The average day lasts approximately 10 hours. The average intensity of solar radiation ranges from 1500W/m2/day up to 2750W/m2/day. The highest amount of radiation emanates from Southern Punjab, Sindh, and Balochistan. As, solar panel price in Pakistan is also affordable.
In an area of 100 square meters in size, power of 45MW to 83MW could be produced in these areas.
The entire potential for green energy sources in Pakistan is 167,700MW. Which is more than 8 times higher than the electric power requirement of 19000MW for the country.
A study carried out by National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), USA reported that there is an energy source for solar in the range of 2.9 million megawatts.
The solar energy market is projected to increase between $79.7 billion, to $123.7 billion, with Germany setting the world standard in the field of renewable energy.
Pakistan is able to take full advantage of this rapidly growing field. In comparison, solar energy is an energy source that is the sole renewable source that is able to be built in the shortest period of time without huge investments like geothermal or hydel power.
Oil and gas reserves are expected to last an additional 10 and 9 years respectively, in the country.
The public should be encouraged to look into community or individual (shared) energy sources. With the knowledge of solar energy, entire communities could be able to come together and take part in the cost of investments and costs to ease the burden.
The city’s authorities have put 3,400 solar panels over the 2.5-hectare area. That is part of the 300-ha (750-acre) park for $4.8 million. The goal of the system is to provide an uninterrupted power supply for one of the city’s major recreation spots. At a time when power outages are a significant issue due to a lack of power on the grid.
The solar power station is producing 870 kilowatts in electricity which is enough to power the equivalent of 450 homes, runs sprinklers and water pumps in the park. It is also used to power the headquarters of Islamabad Metropolitan Corporation (IMC) and the Capital Development Authority (CDA) which are both within the park.
Energy plans are implemented on a speed-track basis across Sindh, Punjab, and Balochistan provinces. These provinces account for 80 percent of the renewable energy sources like wind and solar potential. Public-private partnerships can benefit one another by utilizing the net metering process. It could be beneficial in the form of an industry that sells surplus energy to communities nearby or the reverse. Additionally, surplus energy could be sold back to the grid of the nation.
Every household in Pakistan ought to take advantage of this opportunity and install solar panels.
About 70% of the energy used in domestic consumption is due to energy-efficient appliances, such as fans and lights.
Solar power can satisfy the worldwide demand for electricity. It can meet more than the country’s energy needs.
Western countries such as Germany as well as Spain are creating solar energy. The countries of South Asia, Bangladesh, and India are rapidly adopting this technology already. It is becoming more affordable each year. The Chinese have achieved a reduction in costs in recent years.
China is a major source of solar panel production. Chinese producers that make the bulk of the solar panels used in the world are struggling to expand rapidly.
Spain is at the forefront of global efforts to generate solar energy that is as large as 432MW. Which is more than that of the United States by 10MW. They have also opened the world’s largest solar power station, surpassing its rival the United States as the biggest solar power generator in the world.
Spain is among the countries in Europe that have more days in the sun’s hour. The country exports 80 percent of the sunlight energy it produces to Germany.
The PS20 is Spain’s one of the Biggest Solar Power Tower. Abengoa started commercially operating a solar plant with a capacity of 20 MW tower in the vicinity of Seville. In the latter part of April 2009 and was dubbed the PS20.
Israel has made progress in introducing solar energy. There isn’t any petroleum in Israel and it doesn’t maintain a friendly relationship with Arab oil-producing nations. Therefore, to ensure its security and stability in the economy, it has devoted the most priority to renewable energy.
With the abundance of sunshine in the country. It has made huge utilization of the sun’s energy to the development of the economy of the nation.
The ingenuity and advanced research have led to the advancement in solar energy technology and it is now comparable to fossil fuel technologies.
India is located in the Earth’s Equatorial Sun Belt. It receives a lot of solar radiation. According to reports, India has clear, warm weather for about 250 to 300 days per year. India has set aside 35,000 kilometers of the region in the Thar Desert. Which could be enough to generate 700 to 21,000 gigawatts in solar energy projects.
India has announced that by 2023, it will be required to install more solar-powered applications and equipment. They planned to install it in all hospitals, government buildings, and hotels. India may add 12.5 GW of solar in 2022-2023.
Regarding the usage of solar-powered applications and equipment in all hotels, government buildings, and hospitals. India was in the lead alongside the United States.
It is undisputed that solar energy has an important contribution to the country, and must be encouraged by the top government officials on an ongoing basis. But, without any kind of financial support, solar projects are at present costly and not accessible to the majority of the numerous.
If bank finance programs are offered, more people will invest in solar panels. The technology is solid and the suppliers are prepared and the demand is urgent. The banks and the government should be quick to finance renewable energy from solar sources.
Despite all the challenges, the prospects for solar energy are promising since Pakistan gets the maximum amount of solar energy throughout the year.
Solar power systems are being developed, however more need to be designed and implemented to create economic value and increase the living standards of the most disadvantaged.
The solar system fulfills the needs of rural areas. Also reduces the strain on traditional sources of energy in urban regions. The remainder can be utilized efficiently for other domestic or industrial requirements.